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January 2024

Original Research

Predisposition for atopy and pulmonary prognosis at preschool age of patients diagnosed with respiratory distress in the neonatal period

Effect of respiratory distress on atopy and lung prognosis

Asena Ünal 1, Seval Güneşer Kendirli 2

1 Department of Pediatrics, 2 Department of Pediatric Allergy, Faculty of Medicine, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey

DOI:10.4328/ECAM.10064 Received : 2023-09-07 Accepted : 2023-10-21 Published Online : 2023-11-30 Printed Online : 2024-01-01

Abstract

Aim: In this study, we aimed to determine the predisposition for atopy and pulmonary functions of patients who were followed up for respiratory distress syndrome in the neonatal period.

Material and Methods: Fifty children hospitalized with respiratory distress in the neonatal period were included in the study, and the control group included 31 children, who had no respiratory problems, were included as the control group. Pulmonary function test was performed to evaluate the lung functions of the children included in the study. A Chest x-ray was performed. Total IgE and phadiaotope were studied in serum samples. A Skin prick test was done.

Results: Serum total IgE results in the patient group were statistically significantly higher than in the control group (p=0.02). Of the 50 patients in the patient group, 5 (10%) had atopic asthma, 4 (8%) had nonatopic asthma, 2 (4%) had bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 2 (4%) had atopic dermatitis and 2 (4%) had allergic rhinitis. When 50 patients were examined in terms of atopy, 10 (20%) were considered atopic. In the control group, 1 child (3.2%) was considered atopic. Atopy was found to be statistically significantly higher in the patient group (p=0.03).

Although the FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC and PEF values measured in the patient group were lower than those in the control group, the results were not statistically significant.
Discussion: Diagnoses of atopic disease (atopic asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis), non-atopic asthma and bronchopulmonary dysplasia were found to be higher in patients followed up for respiratory distress in the neonatal period compared to the control group without respiratory problems.

Keywords: Asthma, Atopy, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Respiratory Distress

Corresponding Author: Asena Ünal, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey. • E-Mail: asenaunal@yahoo.com • P: +90 505 617 65 37 • Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2233-0513

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Faculty of Medicine, Çukurova University (Date: 2008-08-07, No: 8)

How to cite this article: Asena Ünal, Seval Güneşer Kendirli. Predisposition for atopy and pulmonary prognosis at preschool age of patients diagnosed with respiratory distress in the neonatal period. Eu Clin Anal Med. 2024;12(1):1-4

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of the license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Use of family planning methods and attitudes of married women aged 15-49 in konya province

Use of family planning methods and attitudes of women

Bahar Ürün Ünal, Burcu Gök Erdoğan

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey

DOI:10.4328/ECAM.10076 Received : 2023-10-09 Accepted : 2023-11-20 Published Online : 2023-12-22 Printed Online : 2024-01-01

Abstract

Aim: In this study, it was aimed to investigate the sociodemographic characteristics, fertility characteristics and attitudes towards family planning of women who applied to the Family Medicine Polyclinic.

Material and Methods: This research; The study was conducted with 448 women between the ages of 15-49 years who applied to Konya Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine Family Medicine Polyclinic between 15 May 2022 and 15 July 2022. A questionnaire consisting of 18 questions was administeredapplied to the women in the family medicine outpatient clinic.

Results: 30.8% of the women included in the study are were between the ages of 15-34 years. 93.3% of women used a family planning method. The most commonly used method was birth control pill (26.3%). Among the family planning methods used, the most satisfied method was condom (14.3%).

Discussion: The short time between recurrent pregnancies and miscarriages are is the basis of maternal and child health problems. These problems stem from the fact that family planning use and education levels are not at the desired level. In order to overcome these problems, it is important to give priority to the education of women and to inform them about family planning methods.

Keywords: Family Planning, Contraception, Women

Corresponding Author: Bahar Ürün Ünal, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey. • E-Mail: urunbahar@gmail.com • P: +90 554 293 09 05 • Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5433-168X

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine Ethics Committee (Date: 2022-04-26, No: 2022/211)

How to cite this article: Bahar Ürün Ünal, Burcu Gök Erdoğan. Use of family planning methods and attitudes of married women aged 15-49 in konya province. Eu Clin Anal Med 2024;12(1):5-8

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of the license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Case Report

Hook plate in articular fracture of medial clavicle

Hook plate in medial clavicle fracture

Fernando Lossada Finol 1 , Julio Carruyo Avila 2

1 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Coromoto Hospital
2 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital General del Sur “Dr. Pedro Iturbe”, Maracaibo, Venezuela

DOI:10.4328/ECAM.10051 Received : 2023-07-17 Accepted : 2023-10-20 Published Online : 2023-12-23 Printed Online : 2024-01-01

Abstract

Medial clavicle fracture is a rare pathology, which has been related to associated injuries that require surgical resolution for immediate reduction and stabilization. In the supine position, using an anterior approach to the right sternoclavicular joint with an incision of approximately 10 cm, the cephalic portion of the clavicle, the clavicular fascicle of the sternocleidomastoid and the medial insertion of the pectoralis major are disinserted from the lower clavicular border. Articular fracture of the displaced right medial clavicle was evidenced; after cleaning the focus, an anatomical reduction of the fracture was performed with Weber forceps and a 3.5 mm hook plate was placed, its location was verified under fluoroscope. It was closed by planes to the skin and an immobilization type sling was placed. Surgical treatment with a hook plate shows good results in the reduction and stabilization of this pathology.

Keywords: Clavicle Joint Fracture, Hook Plate, Anatomical Reduction

Corresponding Author: : Fernando Lossada Finol, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Coromoto Hospital, Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela. • E-Mail: fmlf73@gmail.com • Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6995-6292

How to cite this article: Fernando Lossada Finol, Julio Carruyo Avila. Hook plate in articular fracture of medial clavicle. Eu Clin Anal Med 2024;12(1):9-11

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of the license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Review Article

Innovative approaches to neutralizing sympathetic nerves in addressing focal hyperhidrosis

Innovative approaches to focal hyperhidrosis

Orhan Yucel 1, Fatma Elcim 2, Zarife Jale Yucel 3

1 Department of Thhoracic Surgery, BHT Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey, 2 Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey, 3 Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Avalon University, Willemstad, Curacao

DOI:10.4328/ECAM.10078 Received : 2023-12-02 Accepted : 2023-12-30 Published Online : 2024-01-01 Printed Online : 2024-01-01

Abstract

The article addresses the complexity of Focal Hyperhidrosis (localized excessive sweating) and discusses its impact on individuals’ social, professional, and psychological lives. This condition, which affects 1-3% of the U.S. population, is most commonly seen in areas like hands, feet, underarms, and face. Primary hyperhidrosis is more prevalent and is associated with genetic factors. Determining a diagnosis for hyperhidrosis relies on observing the symptoms during a clinical examination and understanding the patient’s medical background. The condition can greatly disrupt a person’s daily life due to excessive sweating. There are various treatment options available, including topical antiperspirants, Botox injections, iontophoresis, or anticholinergic medications. There are also more invasive procedures like microwave therapy, laser therapy, Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy (ETS), or liposuction. The article highlights the importance of effectively managing hyperhidrosis and acknowledges the psychological and social challenges associated with it.

Keywords: Focal Hyperhidrosis, Excessive Sweating, Botulinum Toxin Injections, Iontophoresis, Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy, Microwave Therapy

Corresponding Author: Orhan Yucel, Department of Thhoracic Surgery, BHT Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey. • E-Mail: oyucelmd@gmail.com • P: +90 530 304 25 83 • Corresponding Author ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0002-5266-4231

How to cite this article: Orhan Yucel, Fatma Elcim, Zarife Jale Yucel. Innovative approaches to neutralizing sympathetic nerves in addressing focal hyperhidrosis. Eu Clin Anal Med 2024;12(1):12-17

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of the license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/